PROGRAMMES (SUMMARIES) of LECTURE COURSES

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LECTURE COURSE : STOICHIOMETRIC CALCULATIONS Code : 009

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

Atomic- molecular theory. Composition of the complex substance. Gaze lows. 4. Gaze mixtures.Equations of oxidation - reduction processes. Calculations based on chemical equations. Solutions. Equivalence. Solubility of crystalline substances. Non-electrolyte solutions. Electrolyte solutions.

 

LECTURE COURSE : GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY Code 110

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

 

General approaches to the chemical processes study. Elements of the chemical thermodynamics - basic concepts , enthalpy , entropy , thermal chemistry , Gibbs’ energy , chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant , movable equilibrium principle.Chemical kinetics - chemical reactions’ rate; factors impacting chemical reactions’ rates. Substance Structure..Electronic structure and properties of atoms - development of atomic structure theories ; fundamentals of atomic quantum mechanics; wave equation of the hydrogen atom.Chemical bond - basic characteristics; Coordination compounds - coordination numbers ; chemical bond of coordination compounds. Intermolecular forces - Van der Waals forces ; hydrogen bond. Phase states . Solutions.

 

LECTURE COURSE : INORGANIC CHEMISTRY Code 117

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Nomenclature of chemical compounds. Periodic low and the periodic system. Development. Structure of the periodic system and distribution of electrons.Hydrogen. Hydrogen isotopes. Hybrids.Elements from IA group to VIIIA group. Review of d-elements. Place in the periodic table. Electronic configuration and oxidation degree. Elements from IIIB group to VIIIB group.Lanthanides and actinides . Elements from IB group to IIB group.

 

LECTURE COURSE : ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY - part 1 Code 104

ASSESSMENT METHOD: current evaluation

 

Subject , objectives and methods of Analytical Chemistry. Qualitative and quantitative analysis. Analytical reactions and analytical reactants. Basic characteristics of analytical reactions.Chemical equilibrium theory application for chemical analysis purposes.State of ions in water solutions. Hydrogen exponent. Sequestering equilibrium in the qualitative analysis.Stability constants. Oxidation- reduction equilibrium in the qualitative analysis. Sediment equilibrium in the qualitative analysis. Conditions for obtaining and dissolving of sediments. Consecutive precipitation.Transformation of sediments.

 

LECTURE COURSE : ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY - part 2 Code 113

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Basic principles of the quantitative chemical analysis . Gravimetry. Sediment weight analysis.General principles of volumetric analysis.Volumetric analysis data calculation.

Application of proteolyses in the quantitative analysis . pH calculation of different types of proteolytes.

Sequestering reactions application in the qualitative analysis. Metal-chrome indicators .Redox-metry. Redox indicators .Sediment volumetric analysis.

 

LECTURE COURSE : INSTRUMENTAL METHODS IN ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY Code 189

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Classification of instrumental methods and their place in the analytical process. Basic approaches to obtaining and processing of the analytical information received by means of instrumental methods.Calibration. Standard samples. Statistical methods for analytical data processing. Electrochemical methods of analysis. Spectral (optical) methods of analysis. Thermal methods of analysis. Kinetics methods of analysis. Separation and identification methods.

 

LECTURE COURSE : PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY - part 1 Code 311

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Basic thermodynamic principles. Phase equilibrium in monocomponent systems . Mixed systems. Thermodynamics of solutions. Chemical equilibrium. Physicochemical analysis . State diagrams. Thermodynamics of surface phenomena.

 

LECTURE COURSE : PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY - part 2 Code 312

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Electrochemical thermodynamics. Colloid systems . Statistical thermodynamics. Chemical kinetics and catalysis.

 

LECTURE COURSE : COLLOID CHEMISTRY Code 309

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Formation and properties of disperse systems. Experimental methods for investigation of colloid systems . Colloid systems applied in organic chemical technologies. Colloid systems in the environmental protection.

 

LECTURE COURSE : ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - part 1 Code236

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Introduction and fundamentals of organic chemistry. Spectral methods for identification of organic compounds structure. Hydrocarbons. Halogen derivatives of hydrocarbons. Hydroxyl derivatives of hydrocarbons. Esters and epoxies . Nitroderivatives of hydrocarbons. Amino derivatives of hydrocarbons. Other elements organic compounds.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - part 2 Code237

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Nitroderivatives of hydrocarbons. Amines and similar organic compounds. Carbonyl compounds. Carboxyl compounds and their derivatives. Other elements organic compounds. Heterocyclic compounds . Carbohydrates - mono- , di- and polysugars . Peptides and proteins . Nucleic acids. Natural oligomers of isoprene.

LECTURE COURSE : ENGINEERING GRAPHYCS Code : 351

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

Rectangular projection. Dimensioning. Graphical execution.Elements of constructions dismountable joints of parts; non-dismountable joints of parts ; smooth joints of parts.Organization of the project and work documentation.

 

LECTURE COURSE : MATHEMATICS - part 1 Code :052

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Elements of the theory of sets.Polynomials.Matrices.Determinants.Systems of linear equations.Vector algebra.Analytic geometry in R2 and R3 .Rows of numbers.Functions of one independent variable.Derivative functions.Basic theorems of the differential calculus.Analysis of functions.Undefined integrals.Defined integrals.Application of the defined integrals.

 

LECTURE COURSE : MATHEMATICS - part 2 Code :053

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Functions of two independent variables. Implicit functions. Curvilinear integrals. Double integrals. Orders of numbers. Functional rows and orders. Elements of the vector analysis. Normal differential equations of first order. Linear differential equations of n-order. Systems of normal differential equations. Private differential equations. Algebra of the events. Probability. Random variables.

 

LECTURE COURSE : NUMERICAL METHODS Code : 050

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

Errors. Numerical solution of equations with one independent variable. Numerical solution of linear systems of algebraic equations. Numerical solution of non-linear systems of equations. Numerical finding of characteristic polynomial, private values and vectors of a square matrix. Approximations of functions. Numerical integration. Numerical solution of normal differential equations of first order.

 

LECTURE COURSE : STATISTICAL METHODS Code : 837

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

Basic concepts of the statistical data processing. Random quantities. Low of normal distribution and verification. Numerical characteristics of random quantities . Confidential ranges of the numerical characteristics . Verification of statistical hypotheses. Analysis of variance. Linear regressive analysis . Quality control. Complete factor experiment. Fractional factor experiment.Box and Wilson method Second order plans. Property analysis of mixtures with limitation of components Property analysis of mixtures without limitation of components.

 

LECTURE COURSE : INFORMATICS - part 1 Code : 676

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Introduction to the computer techniques. Computer systems - equipment , organization and action mode. Technology of information processing by computer system. Introduction of PC-AT computer system. PASCAL programming. WINDOWS operational system. Information systems. Computer networks and their use.

 

LECTURE COURSE : INFORMATICS - part 2 Code : 824

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

Word processor MS-WORD. Format of documents. Printing of documents. Spreadsheets MS-Excel. Format of cells and tables. Creating diagrams and tables. MS-Access. Program window. Operation with queries. Creation of sorting queries. Operation with forms. Creation of a form. Operation with reports. Horizontal and vertical calculations. Computer networks. Work in a local network. Work in the global network. INTERNET connection.

 

LECTURE COURSE : PHYSICS - part 1 Code : 412

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Physical fundamentals of mechanics.Oscillations and waves.Molecular physics. Electrostatics. Electromagnetism. Wave optics.

 

LECTURE COURSE : PHYSICS - part 2 Code : 413

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Quantum optics. Quantum mechanics and atom physics. Elements of the nuclear physics. Elements of the quantum statistics and the quantum physics of solids.

 

LECTURE COURSE : TECHNICAL MECHANICS Code : 344

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Statics of a material point . Statics of perfect rigid bodies Center of gravity. Friction Kinetics of a material point. Kinetics of a body. Dynamics of a material point. Dynamics of a mechanical system. Introduction to mechanics of deformable bodies. Tense state in a point. Deformation state in a point. Strain, stress. Constitutive equations. Geometrical characteristics of plane figures. Bending. Shear. Tense limit state . Strength at variable strains. Combined loading. Vessels under pressure. Stability.

 

LECTURE COURSE : PROCESSES AND EQUIPMENT IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY - part 1 Code : 060

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Classification of the basic processes. Equipment and machines for the basic technological processes. Common principles for calculating of processes and equipment basic dimensions. Fundamentals of industrial hydraulics. Fundamental definitions and lows of the hydrodynamics.Transport of fluids.Pipes and equipment.Reciprocating pumps - productivity , force altitude and power. Centrifugal pumps - basic equation , productivity and power. Gaze compression and transportation. Compressor constructions. Piston compressors , p-V diagram , productivity and power Agitation of liquids . Separation in heterogeneous gaze mixtures. Sedimentary methods of separation. Filtration. Separation in heterogeneous liquid mixtures. Sedimentary and filtration methods of separation. Principles of membrane methods. Heat processes Heat balance and heat transfer. Condensation. Types of condensers and their calculation. Evaporation - installations and equipment. Calculation of single-effect evaporators.

 

LECTURE COURSE : PROCESSES AND EQUIPMENT IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY -part 2 Code : 064

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Double-phase processes theory . Mass transfer basic equation. Absorption - equilibrium , material balance , working lines and number of steps . Distillation and rectification .Liquid-liquid extraction. Adsorption - nature and equilibrium. Extraction from solid materials .Drying. Properties of air-steam mixtures.Material and heat balance. Drying processes represented in I - X diagram , calculations.

 

LECTURE COURSE : PROCESSES AND EQUIPMENT - part 1 Code : 261

(HYDRODYNAMIC PROCESSES)

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Basic definitions.Classification of processes.Hydrostatics. Basic equations. Hydrodynamics. Basic characteristics of fluids movement. Fundamentals of similarity and dimensions theory.Hydraulic resistance in pipes. Movement of non-Newton liquids.Peculiarities. Pipe diameter calculation. Movement of solids in fluids. Movement of fluid trough static and pore layers. Hydrodynamics of fluidizable grained layers.Elements of the double phase flows hydrodynamics Structure of flows and fluid production time in the equipment.Transportation of liquids - general information. Types of pumps - comparison , fields of application . Transportation of gazes . Thermodynamic fundamentals of the compression process . Agitation - general information. Course project - selection of a pump and calculation of a pump installation.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : PROCESSES AND EQUIPMENT - part 2

( MECHANICAL AND HYDROMECHANICAL PROCESSES) Code : 262

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

 

Mechanical processes. Characterization of a single particle and a layer of particles. Breakage and grinding of bulks. Machines , constructions and calculation. Mixing and homogenization of bulks . Constructions of mixers and homogenizers. Sorting of bulks , sorting constructions . Dose of bulks , doser constructions , calculation.Storage and leaking of bulks , vault formation , theory of leaking. Hydromechanical processes. Separation of heterogeneous gaze mixtures by means of precipitation, filtration and wet dust catching.Equipment. Fluidized state of bulks.Boiling layer equipment , pneumatic transportation of bulks - types of schemes. Course project - design of dust-catching installation for a dust containing gaze separation and selection of equipment .

 

LECTURE COURSE : PROCESSES AND EQUIPMENT - part 3 Code : 266

(HEAT TRANSFER PROCESSES)

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Heat transfer basic equation.Heat balances.Heat transfer trough heat conductivity . Convection heat transfer. Similarity of heat processes. Radiation heat exchange. Radiation of solids. Types of heat carriers. Constructions of heat exchangers. Calculation of heat exchangers. Evaporation installations , types of schemes , constructions. Course project - calculation of triple-effect evaporator.

 

LECTURE COURSE : PROCESSES AND EQUIPMENT - part 4 Code : 267

(MASS TRANSFER PROCESSES)

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Introduction to the mass transfer theory - mechanisms and driving forces of the mass transfer. Diffusion mass transfer - First low of Fick , molecular diffusion , turbulent diffusion , non-steady state diffusion , second low of Fick. Similarity of diffusion processes. Mass transfer on the interface surface. Mass transfer with a chemical reaction .Equal access surface method. Calculation of the mass exchange equipment with contact between fluids. Factors for selecting of the mass exchange equipment. Course project - static and kinetics of drying, gaze-liquid mass transfer in a filled column., kinetics of dissolving with agitation , rectification.

 

COURSE PROJECT : PROCESSES AND EQUIPMENT IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY Code : 820

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Current evaluation

 

Calculation of a double- step continuous rectification installation. Calculation of a triple- step evaporation installation. Calculation of a duster installation. Calculation of an installation for the ambient air sterilization .

 

LECTURE COURSE : AUTOMATION OF THE PRODUCTION PROCESSES Code : 29

ASSESSMENT METHOD ; exam

 

Introduction to the control of the technological processes and productions. Statistical and dynamic characteristics of the automatic systems elements. General properties and classification of the controlled objects. Types of automatic regulators. Transitional processes in the control systems. Raising the quality of regulation through the automatic processes structure complication . Problems of receiving , processing and transmitting of information about the technological objects. Methods and equipment for automatic control of basic technological values. Automatic regulation of standard technological variables. Systems for logical control. General information about the use of microprocessors for technological processes and systems control.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : APPLIED ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND ELECTRONICS Code : 661

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

 

Alternating current electric circuits . Electric measurements. Electric machinery. Semi-conducting elements and electronic amplifiers. Applied electronic circuits. Rectifiers and electricity supplying devices.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE

WITH PROJECT: machine and aparatus elements Code : 022

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

Helical joints. Force dependencies in the helical double. Strength calculation of screws. Fulcra of rotating parts. Bearings. Sliding bearings. Roller bearings. General principles of bearing operation. Selection of roller bearings. Connectors. Friction-gearing. Friction-gearing with cylindrical wheels. Transmissions with cone friction wheels. Frictional variators.Belt transmissions. Kinetics of belt transmissions. Forces and strains in the belt. Cogwheel transmissions. Course project - Calculation and constructional mounting of a shaft for a rotary pump. Installation plan.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : HEAT TRANSFER TECHNICS Code : 399

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Subject of the course . Thermodynamic fundamentals of balance preparation. Some application of the thermodynamic’s second low. Energy balance of heat processes. Real gazes.Isobaric evaporation processes.

Thermodynamic properties of the humid air. Thermodynamic processes with the humid air. Rheology of fluids - basic lows. Steam-power equipment .Carnaut and Renkin’s cycle for the steam. Thermodynamic fundamentals of the heat supply. Trends to the effective transformation of energy. Cooling machine cycle. Heat transfer trough heat conductivity , convection and radiation.

LECTURE COURSE : ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT OF THE INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION

Code : 837

 

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

 

Industry in the system of advanced reproduction. Economic development and proportionality in the industrial production. Market economy in the industrial production system. Basic problems of the industrial management. Fundamentals of the marketing in the industrial production. Fundamentals of the business planning in industrial systems. Planning of the production facilities utilization in chemical and metallurgical enterprises. Production schedule of chemical and metallurgic enterprises. Durable actives of chemical and metallurgic enterprises. Non-durable actives of chemical and metallurgic enterprises. Productivity of labor and wages in industrial enterprises. Costs and prices of the production in the chemical and metallurgic industry. Scientific and technical progress, innovations and investments in the chemical and metallurgic industry. Economical problems of chemistry and metallurgy concerning Nature and its utilization . Finances of the production systems in chemistry and metallurgy.

 

LECTURE COURSE : PHILOSOPHY Code : 177

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

Introduction to philosophy. Trends and periods of the philosophy history . Being and consciousness. Movement. Space and time. Metaphysics and dialectics. Philosophical ideas during the Middle Ages. Humanism of the European Renaissance 15 - 16 century. German classical philosophy - a beginning of the modern philosophy. Individual, group, social life. Theory of the knowledge - epistemology. Science - scientific truth. Methods of scientific exploration.

 

LECTURE COURSE : Industrial emergencies and protection Code :326

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

 

Introduction. Evaluation , prognosis and improvement of the chemical industry safety . Risks analysis of the chemical industry technological processes. Industrial ventilation . Noise and vibrations protection. Industrial lighting. Electrical safety .

 

LECTURE COURSE : TECHNICAL SAFETY Code : 259

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

Industrial toxicology . Explosion and fire protection. Hermetic technological equipment. Safety measures after emergency leaking of toxic and hazardous substances. Microclimate of the working environment . Industrial ventilation . Safety measures for working with vessels under pressure. Electrical safety . Noise and vibrations protection. Ionizing and non-ionizing electromagnetic radiations. Industrial risks. Industrial lighting. Analysis of working conditions

 

LECTURE COURSE : ENGINEERINIG PSYCHOLOGY AND ERGONOMY Code : 066

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

Problem of the human factor and the organizations .Engineering psychology and ergonomy - subject and aims, theoretical- informational fundamentals of the engineering psychology; informational approach towards the human-operator; team work of the operator; effectiveness of the operator work .Ergonomic requirements to the system human-machine - labor effectiveness; ergonomic requirements to the equipment and dimensional organization of the working place ; factors and aesthetic of the working environment; ergonomic design and evaluation.

 

LECTURE COURSE : ECOLOGY AND TECHNICAL CIVILIZATION Code : 056

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

 

Subject and aims of the ecology. Structure and energy of the biosphere. Conditions of organisms existence and the environmental factors. Biocenosys and ecosystem. Energy and development of the ecosystems. Systematic approach and models in ecology. Industrial-sanitary chemistry and toxicology. Ecological problems of the chemical and metallurgical industry. Protection of the atmosphere from pollution. Protection of the water resources from pollution. Rational use and protection of the soil and the earth bowels from pollution. Methods for recycling, making safe and reuse of solid wastes. Ecological monitoring, management of the environmental protection and sustainable development. Strategy and national policy for the environmental protection .

 

LECTURE COURSE TECHNOLOGY OF ORGANIC SYNTHESIS - Part I and II Code :507,508

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The aims of discipline are to give the bachelors basic theoretical and technological knowledge of most important processes and methods, which are used in the organic synthesis. The multiple – stage deep processing of raw materials for the preparation of both intermediates and various final products of organic synthesis are involved.The ecological requirements to certain production, conformed to the Bulgarian and EU legislation are considered. The prognosis and utilization of wastes and their harmless processing and the possibilities to create technologies for producing of ecological tolerant products are discussed.

 

LECTURE COURSE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVE SUBSTSTANCES Code :595

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The chemistry and technology of bio-active substances are the most flexible and dynamic enveloping fields of the present applied science. At same time they represent the traditional sphere for organic synthesis specialist realization.

The course aim is to make acquainted the baccalaureates with the chemical character and the methods for synthesis as well as with the current state of the main groups of bio-logical active compounds that are used in the medicinal practice, agriculture, perfumery and cosmetics.

 

LECTURE COURSE COLOUR AND FLUORESCENT ORGANIC PRODUCTS Code :599

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The task of the discipline is to give the baccalaureates basic theoretical and technological knowledge of the synthesis, properties and application field of the colour organic products. The specific synthesis methods for the most important colour products groups and their application in the high technologies as laser chemistry, energy transformation, photography process, liquids crystals, drugs, cosmetics and polymers are taught. The aspects of phenomenon colour, luminescence and optical bleaching, their characteristics and methods for their measuring are considered.

Ecological requirements to certain manufacturing according to EC and Bulgarian legislation are introduced.

 

LECTURE COURSE APPLIED REACTIONS IN ORGANIC SYTHESIS Code :490

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

The purpose of the course is to extend the students knowledge in the organic syn-thesis specific reactions.The reactions, which are applied in the synthesis of synthetic drugs, detergents, aro-matic substances, insecticides and pesticides or used by the modification of complicated natural structure, are taught. Many of them have the name of their creators or trivial names.

Special attention is given to the conformity and mechanism of reaction proceeding, to the alternative variants to carry out certain reaction and their application are discussed. Many of the so-called “powerful” in meaning of Retrosynthesis reactions which are used to create complicated structures as steroids, alkaloids, terpenes etc are considered.

 

LECTURE COURSE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVE SUBSTSTANCES Code : 600

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The surface-active agents (SAA) and aromatic compounds (AC) are synthetic organic products, which have application in manufacturing of detergents, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. A great part of them is used as additives in production and processing of textiles, polymers, paints.

The main objectives of this course concern: chemical structure and properties; manufacturing and application of SAA and AC; EC and National standards. The teaching process includes lectures, practical work and visits to factories.

 

LECTURE COURSE SYNTHETIC ORGANIC PRODUCTS AND ADDITIVES Code :504

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The purpose of the discipline is to make the students aquatinted with the chemistry, technology and utilization of some organic compounds and additives like stabilizators for natural and synthetic materials, porefors and plastificators for polymeric materials, accelerants of vulcanization processes, explosives, antipyrenes, materials for colour photography, registrating and copy technique, photochromic and termochromic compounds.

 

LECTURE COURSE SYNTHETIC AND SEMISYNTHETIC DRUGS Code : 195

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

Synthetic drugs are products of total and often multiple – stage synthesis, which is based on raw materials with relative simple structure. At the same time many other, widely used in the medicinal practice drugs represent synthetic modifications of complicated organic molecule structures which are obtained from different natural sources of plant, animal or microbial origin.

The discipline introduces the bachelors to the synthesis methods for preparation of the above mentioned pharmaceuticals. Special emphasis is placed not only on the traditional but also on some alternative synthesis methods.The baccalaureates acquire knowledge for the pharmacological activity principles of the different pharmaceutical groups and the present tendencies in the research work that is connected with the drug improvement.

 

LECTURE COURSE ANALYSIS AND IDENTIFICATION OF BIOLOGICAL ACTIVE Code :641

PRODUCTS AND ORGANIC POLLUTANTS

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The course intention is to give specific knowledge of the basic methods of analysis, control and identification of bio-active products and organic pollutants.

The discipline treats the ecological requirements for the industry and organic products and norms of quality control of bio-active substances according to UC – legislation, ISO 9000 – 9004, GMP and GLP.

 

LECTURE COURSE MICROSYNTHESIS IN ORGANIC PRACTICE Code 921

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

Microsynthesis in organic practice allows realization of different complicated reactions by using minimal quantities of reagents. New specific principles, techniques and specialized equipment are to be applied on microlevel. This determines ecological (up to 90% reducing of damaging emissions), economic (reducing of material expenses) and technological (dramatic reducing of reaction continuation) advances.

 

LECTURE COURSE MANUFACTURING OF PARFUMES AND COSMETICS Code :118

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The objectives of this course are to prepare specialists in the field of perfume – products and cosmetics.The main topics cover technological aspects of natural and synthetic compounds for fragrances and cosmetics; basic principles of creation of perfumes; formulation of cosmetics creams, sticks, gels, and dental products. Method for analysis and quality control are introduced according to the present EC – standards.

 

LECTURE COURSE EXPLOSIVES

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The discipline purpose is to introduce the students to the production of widely used explosives.The special attention is given to the technology of nitro-glycerine and trinitro-toluene production.The different methods and technological processing steps as well as the possible damages by technological deviations are taught. The problems of clearing and utilization of the waste are considered.

 

LECTURE COURSE CHEMISTRY OF FOSSIL FUELS Code :151

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The discipline introduces the students to the main types of fossil fuels and their characteristic physicochemical properties.The properties of the different fossil fuels define their application and the approaches undertaken in their processing. For instance, the solid fuels are used for the production of metallurgical coke and chemical derivatives, for energetical and synthesis gases.

The hydrocarbon composition of petroleum is studied in view of the selection of the most suitable scheme for its processing to different products – fuels, lubricants, bitumen, waxes, etc. The knowledge of the hydrocarbon composition is also needed for the selection of the appropriate methods for bringing up the quality of the different petroleum derivatives to the requirements of the relevant standard specifications.

 

LECTURE COURSE TECHNOLOGY OF PETROLEUM PROCESSING Code :125

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The discipline relates the composition of petroleum and its fractions to the methods for their processing. The topics follow the technological development of the modern processing schemes: primary processes for preparation of the crude oil and its separation by rectification; physical, chemical and thermocatalytic processes for refining and production of raw materials for further processing, etc. The theory implemented in the modern petroleum processing technology and its industrial realization, the specific features of apparatuses and installations, the technological parameters, providing successful processing, material and energy balances, etc. are also taught in sufficient detail. Technological schemes for production of the main petroleum derivatives are complemented with schemes for production of more specialized products, such as grease, waxes, etc.Special attention is given to safety and ecological problems in petroleum processing.

 

LECTURE COURSE TECHNOLOGY OF SOLID FUELS Code :127

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The discipline presents the mechanisms of the different processes taking place in the thermal processing of solid fuels, as well as the factors, which influence the coking, and gasification of coal.The knowledge the students receive in their studies enable them to determine the best method for processing of particular solid fuels, depending on the particular physicochemical parameters and degree of transformation. A brief presentation is given also of the processes relevant to the primary preparation of coal for production of high quality raw material for thermal processing. Attention is given also to the production of liquid fuels from semicoking, through hydrogenation at high pressure and Fischer-Tropsch syntheses from “water gas”, consisting of carbon dioxide and hydrogen.

 

LECTURE COURSE CHEMISTRY OF COMBUSTION AND ECOLOGY Code: 953

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The discipline connects and deepens the general knowledge of ecology and technical thermodynamics, which the baccalaureates acquire in the general courses, and the specific knowledge they study in their specialization.The main concepts and quantities characterizing combustion processes and combustion reactions are presented in a relevant depth. Special attention is given to the formation of the main and specific pollutants. The main emphasis is on the industrially relevant features of combustion and the practical approaches for its control and influence on pollutants in real heat installations.

 

LECTURE COURSE TRANSPORT AND STORAGE OF PETROLEUM Code :966

PRODUCTS AND GASES

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The discipline introduces the students to the transport and storage of hydrocarbon gases as fuel and as a raw material for the chemical industry. The modern methods for the transport of petrochemical products as benzines, diesel fuels, oils etc. are presented.

 

LECTURE COURSE PETROCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS Code :965

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The course presents the main processes for petrochemical syntheses, leading to the production of raw materials for the organic chemical industry. Greater attention is given to the bulk chemicals produced in the country, as well as to the promising new production technologies. Alternative technological schemes, the fundamental process parameters and their influence on the yield and quality of the obtained products are outlined. Specific apparatuses and their exploitation are also presented. Attention is given to the technical safety, fire protection and ecological problems of the production of petrochemicals.

 

LECTURE COURSE CHEMMOTOLOGY OF FUELS AND LUBRICANTS Code :152

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The course presents the engineering and technical aspects of the quality, exploitational properties and application of the fuels, lubricants and special fluids for heat engines and lubricating systems.

The modern understanding of the physicochemical and exploitational properties of the fuels for automotive and aviation engines, for gas turbine aggregates and boilers, and the possibilities for utilization of alternative resources are outlined. The principles of the formulation of the fuels, their composition, the ecological problems in exploitation and their management are also given. The properties and application of the main types of lubricants are presented both in their fundamental and practical aspects. The principles and modern trends of their classification, typical additives, fields of application and interchangeability of the lubricants are also studied.

 

LECTURE COURSE COURSE DESIGN PROJECT IN TECHNOLOGY OF FUELS Code :903

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

The course project includes two design problems – one from the technology of solid fuels, and one – from the technology of petroleum and gases. The problem from the technology of solid fuels involves calculation of installations from the production of coke and coke chemicals. The problem from the technology of petroleum and gases is combined from several options, such as selection of a processing scheme for a refinery, material balance of refinery production, computation of a tube furnace or another refinery installation.

 

LECTURE COURSE COMPUTATION IN TECHNOLOGY OF FUEL PROCESSING Code: 956

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The discipline presents the main principles of chemical engineering computation as applied in the processing of petroleum, gases and solid fuels. It is a logical continuation of the fundamental courses in chemical engineering and is an inherent part of the education in technology of fuels. The course is divided in two parts – computations in petroleum processing and – computations in the processing of solid fuels.

In the first part the principles of the computations needed for the design and simulation of the industrial separation of petroleum and gases, and the main petrochemical processes applied for conversion of the fractions are outlined. The main emphasis is on the characterization of object of the computation and the use of databases, handbooks, empirical correlations and computer simulators in the modern petroleum processing. The tutorials follow, through computation, the behavior of a given petroleum fraction in different processes and apparatus.In the second part of the course the technological calculation involved in the most widely used industrial processes for the processing of solid fuels – primary coal preparation, gasification, coke production, etc., are studied.

 

LECTURE COURSE PRODUCTION OF LUBRICANTS Code :150

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The principles of the production of base and doped mineral oils, synthetic oils and plastic lubricants, special fluids, etc. are studied in this course. The specifications and methods for input control of the quality of raw materials, reagents, etc. in the production of the different commodities are presented. The technological schemes, the parameters of the processes and their control, the technical characteristics of the specific aparatuses, reactors and utilities, good practice and safety ruels are outlined.

Considerable attention is given also to the principles of the selection of additives and formulation of motor, gear, industrial, etc. mineral and synthetic oils. The specifications and the methods for control of the quality of the finished products are studied both in their theoretical and practical aspects.

 

LECTURE COURSE TECHNOLOGY OF COKE CHEMICALS Code :960

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The discipline introduces the students to the properties and chemical composition of the coke pitch, as well as to the fields of industrial application of the more important compounds, isolated from it. The main technological schemes and apparatuses for the cooling and condensation of the volatile products from coking, the separation of the coke pitch from the water, the processing of the pitch and the fractions obtained from its rectification are presented.The modern methods for the isolation of ammonia, pyridine bases and benzene hydrocarbons from the coke gas, and the production of ammonium sulphate, ammonium water and liquefied ammonia, raw benzene and benzene for organic syntheses are also part of the course. Special attention is given to the calculation of the amount of the needed reagents for the different processes, the factors determining this amount and the available reserves for its minimization.

 

LECTURE COURSE PRODUCTION OF ADDITIVES

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

The course gives an overview of the chemistry, technology and functional action of the additives, which ensure the performance level of the modern fuels and lubricants. It discusses the most widely used types of additives, their chemical nature, the starting materials, reactions and technological operations for their production. Although the general emphasis is on the additive chemistry, the major types of reactors, production schemes, safety and ecological problems are also covered.

Information is given for known synergism and antagonism between major additive types.

 

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS OF THE ELASTOMERS Code:559

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Macromoleculs, polymers, elastomers. Clasification. Theoretical base of the synthesis: polycondensation and polymerization; biosynthesis of natural rubber. Specific chemical transformations of the elastomers. Vulcanization. Molecular mass and molecular mass distribution. Three dimensional architecture: conformation and stereocemical configuration. Polymer solutions. Physical and phase states. Relacsation phenomena. Specifics of the semicrystall and cross-linked polymers. Rubber elasticity. Multicomponent elastomer systems. Interphase phenomena.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE: technology of rubber CODE:431

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Basic materials in the rubber industry: natural and synthetic rubbers, fillers and reinforcements, plasticizers. Formulation of rubber compounds. Preparation of rubber compounds, regimes of mixing. Vulcanization of rubber compounds: sulfur and sulfurless kinetics of rubber compounds vulcanization.

 

LECTURE COURSE : SYNTHETIC RUBBER Code:433

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Synthetic rubbers - classification Monomers and technical methods of the synthesis. Synthetic rubbers with a general application:styrene-butadiene, butadiene and isoprene rubber , ethylene-propylene, isoprene-isobutilene and alternating rubbers - synthesis, properties, processing, applications. Synthetic rubbers with a special application: chloroprene and nitrile-butadiene rubbers - types, synthesis, properties, processing. Synthetic rubbers with a very special application: vinyle-pyridine-butadiene, carboxylate, acrylate and olefine-oxide rubbers (epichlohydrine, polyoxypropylene), fluorin rubbers, polyuretanes, polysulphid and siloxane rubbers, polyphosphasanes - synthesis and properties. Latexes - synthetic and artifical. .Sunthetic rubbers with non-conventional processing.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE: ingredients for rubber compositions CODE:435

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Raw materials for obtaining of the basic ingredients, used in rubber formulations. Fillers: organic and inorganic fillers - carbon black, silica, calcium carbonate, kaolin, bentonite. Modern views for elastomer reinforcing by fillers. Activators of the vulcanization process. Accelerators: chemical composition-activity dependencies. Types of accelerators and their specific applications. Vulcanizing agents: basic mechanisms of sulfur and peroxide rubber vulcanization. Stabilizers- types and specific applications. Other specific ingredients: plasticizers, anti-scorching agents, fungicides, etc.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE: ageing and stabilization of elastomeric CODE:709

materials

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Factors, influencing on the processes of ageing Specific features of elastomeric materials ageing during processing and exploitation. Ageing of vulcanizates in stressed and unstressed state: Heat ageing;

light ageing, ozone ageing in static and dynamic regimes, chemical relaxation, fatigue of the vulcanizates. Physicochemical bases of the elastomeric materials ageing. Stabilization: by additives, by chemical and physical modification. Basic types of stabilizers: p-phenilenediamines, phenols, nitrogen-containing heterrocyclic compounds.

 

LECTURE COURSE: pneumatic, solid and recovered tyres CODE:708

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The program of study for bachelors of “Pneumatic, solid and recovered tyres” is supported with contemporary theory and practical exercises for their high-quality training. The level of lecture course and practical exercises is in conforming with the disciplines previously studied at the UCTM and the qualification requirement for the graduating bachelors. Great possibilities exist of improving the design and the production technology of pneumatic, solid and recovered tyres.

 

LECTURE COURSE: Machine equipment for RUBBER GOODS CODE:705

PRODUCTION

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Mixers. Extruders. Machine equipment for cutting for injection molding Calenders. Presses. Machines for cutting and preparation of pneumatic tires details. Machines for confectioning of pneumatic tires. Machines for rubber solution preparation and fabric spreading. Equipment for pneumatic tires vulcanization.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE: chemical and technological CODE:702

control for rubber goods production

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Introduction in the chemical control. Input control of raw materials and ingredients in the rubber industry. Technological control of ready state rubber compounds. Technological control of vulcanizates.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE: Technical rubber goods CODE:706

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

 

The contemporary importunes of Technical Rubber Goods requires from an engineer-technologist not only a good knowledge of technology and mechanical properties of the products manufactured by the rubber industry but also to pick up the methods of their designing. The general technological scheme begins with designing of particular technical rubber godsend the further it includes: preparation of rubber blends, conversion into semi-finished products, assembling of the different elements into a products; vulcanization; further specific processing.

 

LECTURE COURSE: optimization of rubber compositions CODE:703

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Analysis of variances. Correlation analysis. Correlation and regression. Statistical methods for optimization of elastomer compositions. Principles of experimental statistical investigation of multicomponent elastomer systems. Organization of the experiment and presentation of the experimental data. Types of experimental plans. Planning of the experiment. Experimental optimization.

 

LECTURE COURSE: latexes CODE:704

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Current evaluation

 

Dispersion systems. Phase boundaries. Polymer - water. Types of latexes. Modification. Vulcanization. Technology.

 

LECTURE COURSE : CHEMISTRY OF POLYMERS CODE: 514

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Fundamentals of polymerization and copolymerization. Mechanism, thermodynamic and kinetics. Effect of monomer structure,stereochemistry of polymerization. Synthetic reaction of polymers

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : PHYSICS OF POLYMERS CODE: 515

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Physical state. Conformation. Physical structure. Amorphous and crystal; state. Thermal transitions. Correlation between chemical and physical structure. Polymer solutions Kinetics and thermodynamics

 

LECTURE COURSE : PLASTICS TECHNOLOGY CODE: 573

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Fundamental principles and technological methods for production of Polymers and Plastics – technological characteristics and special feature of the their application. The trends of development of the technology science and ecological aspects of polymers application.

 

LECTURE COURSE : POLYMER COMPOSITES CODE: 574

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The course teaches the most commonly used possibilities of creation of microcomponent polymer composition, exiting theories for the proper choice of component as well as some basic relationships of changing theoretical parameters and technological conditions of processing. Some aspects of interface phenomena and the effects of the separate components on the composite structure and also considered. Some characteristic polymer blends with good prospective for wide application are discussed.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : FILMFORMING POLYMER MATERIALS CODE: 582

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Principles of filmforming organic polymers technology. Methods and equipment for paints production. Properties of paints and varnishes. Paint formulation.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : PLASTICS PROCESSING CODE: 575

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The conformation statistics of polymeric macromolecules connected with polymer processing. The rheology of polymeric melts is study. The course of teaching inched all methods for production of plastics goods: extrusion, injection molding, pressing, ridge forming, calendering, etc.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : ANALYSIS AND STANDARD METHODS FOR CODE: 756

TESTING OF POLYMERS

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Methods of molecular weight and molecular weight distribution for qualitative and quantitative characterization of polymers and for its structure. Standard methods for testing of polymer and composites, adhesives, paints, dispersions and varnishes .

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : MECHANICS AND FRACTURE OF POLYMERIC ACTICLES CODE: 576

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The lecture course includes modern concepts of short- and long-term strength deformation and fracture of polymers; the basic factors affecting the strength – deformation properties are also considered. Special attention is focused on the influence of the structure, processing conditions, the temperature environment of articles, and the type of mechanical load on the fracture occurring in various polymer materials; crystalline and amorphous polymers, crosslinked thermosets, thermoplasts.

 

LECTURE COURSE : APPLICATION OF SURFACE COATING AND ADHESIVES CODE: 577

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Methods and equipment for application of surface coating and adhesives. Mechanism of filmformation and relations to the adhesive bonds. Properties of surface coating and adhesive bonds.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : AGEING AND STABILIZATION OF POLYMERS CODE: 373

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Review of the basic mechanisms of the polymer degradation and polymer materials, subject to the different effects. Methods for their stabilization from time processing and working.

 

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : ECOLOGYCAL AND TOXICOLOGYCAL PROBLEMS CODE: 578

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Protection of the environment materials fundaments in plastics recycling. The economic boundary conditions. Theory and definitions in ecobalances. Methods and approaches for the evaluation of ecobalances. Reprocessing technology. Methods of mechanical recycling. Feedstock recycling – petrochemical recycling, solvolytical processes. Energy recovery. Waste management.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : POLYMER CHEMISTRY CODE: 514

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The course provides basic knowledge of polymers as a specific class of chemical substances their chemical properties, and methods for their synthesis. This facilitates the study of the technological courses given at the departments dealing with the production and processing of polymers building and papers. The knowledge of polymer chemistry leads to a better understating of essence of the respective technologies and helps the specialists to solve the arising problems.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : POLYMER PHYSICS CODE: 515

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The course teaches general knowledge of the physics of the particular variety of condensed matter, composed of the so-called macromolecules. First the model concepts of a single macromolecule are considered, then attention is focused on the close order and finally structural models are presented the interactions of long-chain molecules in glassy or rubber-like bodes, polymer melts and microcomponent polymer systems. The theoretical bases of the transition from the glassy state into the high-elastic one are considered, together with the relaxation phenomena at temperatures lower and higher then the transition temperature. Special attention is focused on the peculiarities caused by thermal or thermomechanical treatments.The structural changes occurred at irreversible of polymeric bodies are also considered.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : ORIENTED POLYMERIC MATERIALS CODE: 363

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The course teaches the specific properties of natural and synthetic polymer materials, including fibbers and filaments the peculiarities of their structure and morphology, the modern concept of effects of factors on the mechanical, physical and physico-chemical properties of fibbers and filaments.The properties and behavior of the most important natural, man-made and synthetic fibbers are considered together with their basic application.The processing of fibbers resulting in the production of filaments, flat and bulky textile materials is discussed; the methods of their characterization and some specific applications (composites,geotextiles, filters,etc.) are also pointed out.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : ELASTIC CROSSLING POLYMERIC MATERIALS CODE: 375

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The course teaches the specific behavior of elastic crosslinked polymer materials by which they differ from other polymers. This behavior is due to the specific microcompound nature of the rubber (elastomeric) component, to filling. The reinforcement of the elastic crosslinked polymer materials by curing, as a basic method for the creation of these materials,and their unique, high elasticity are pointed out as their most characteristic properties. Both the physical and chemical properties of rubbers are considered as well as the properties of the elastomeric crosslinked polymer materials obtained. Attention is focused on the common applications of these materials in various, large-scale productions of rubber industry, divided into two groups: tyres and technical rubber articles.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : NATURAL POLYMERIC MATERIALS CODE: 364

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The course teaches knowledge of the most important polymers building up animal world and vegetation. Source of raw materials for the obtaining of natural polymers as well as basic polymeric substances, building up the respective materials, are considered. Molecular and supramolecular structures are discussed together with their chemical and phisico-chemical properties that are essential for end-uses of

natural and man-made materials. The most significant technological processes for the production of polymer materials and related articles are described, and properties and end-end parameters, grounding their application, are pointed out. The lecturing course is divided into part: natural polymer materials of animal origin and cellulose materials.

 

LECTURE COURSE : POLYMERIC COMPOSITES CODE: 387

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The course teaches the most commonly used possibilities of creation of microcomponent polymer composition, exiting theories for the proper choice of component as well as some basic relationships of changing theoretical parameters and technological conditions of processing. Some aspects of interface phenomena and the effects of the separate components on the composite structure and also considered. Some characteristic polymer blends with good prospective for wide application are discussed.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : POLYMER ENGINEERING CODE: 273

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The course teaches basic structural, rheological and mechanical characteristic of polymer materials, defining their specific behavior during processing. Mass-transfer processes, heat balance, and the respective machinery used in the processing of various polymer materials are discussed. Construction of polymer part and articles, and their use for household appliances, in electronics, electrotechnics, machine building, construction and other fields of application are considered.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : FILMFORMING POLYMER MATERIALS CODE: 365

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Fundamentals of filmforming organic polymers production. Properties of paint and surface coating on their base. Appearance and End-use of paint and varnishes. Properties of basic components of paints related to their performance.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : MECHANICS OF POLYMERS CODE: 369

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The lecture course includes modern concepts of short- and long-term strength deformation and fracture of polymers; the basic factors affecting the strength – deformation properties are also considered. Special attention is focused on the influence of the structure, processing conditions, the temperature environment of articles, and the type of mechanical load on the fracture occurring in various polymer materials; crystalline and amorphous polymers, crosslinked thermosets, thermoplasts.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : ANALYSIS AND TESTING OF POLYMERS CODE: 404

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The course teaches general knowledge of modern physical methods for analysis and testing of polymeric materials, preparation of test samples, carrying out the analyses and interpretation the obtained data, as well as combining various methods in order to characterize different polymers, composite materials and articles.

The fundamental of every method are considered, attention being focused on the theoretical base, necessary equipment and its principal application.

 

LECTURE COURSE : FIBER FORMING POLYMERS (Part 1 and 2) CODE: 521,522

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

 

Synthesis of fiber forming polymers , polymerization and polycondenzation. Chemical structure of natural and synthetic fiber forming polymers. Physical and chemical modification of structure. Physical and phase states and transitions . Forming of structure , properties of polymer melts and solutions , cooling and coagulation. Mechanical properties , orientation , crystallization.

 

LECTURE COURSE : STRUCTURE AND PROPERIES OF TEXTILE MATERIALS CODE: 523

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Common properties , characterization and classification of textile materials. Geometric and mechanical characteristics. Sampling for textile tests , statistics in the textile material science. Physical properties - influence of humidity and friction. Electrical and optical properties. Structure of fibers and yarns ; spinning systems , texturing . Structure and properties of waved and knitted materials . Nonwovens.

 

LECTURE COURSE : DYESTUFFS AND TEXTILE AUXILIARIES CODE: 524

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Chemical structure - colour relationship. Azo dyes , acid , direct and reactive dyes , Metal complex dyes. Polycycloketon and indigo- dyes. Cationic and disperse dyes . Surfactants - anionic and cationic ; composition and properties. Washing process. Auxiliaries for synthetic fiber production and fiber processing.

 

LECTURE COURSE : METHODS FOR ANALYSING FIBER FORMING POLYMERS

AND FIBERS CODE: 526

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Preliminary analysis - methods , specific reagents and solvents , identification. Methods for evaluation of molecular mass. Fractionating of polymers . IR and Raman spectrometry. Chromatography. Optical and electron beam microscopy . Rheology. Ro spectroscopy. Thermal analysis. Specific tests for high-tech fibers.

 

LECTURE COURSE : TEXTILE CHEMISTRY (Part 1 and 2) CODE: 695 , 696

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Pretreatments - desizing , boiling , bleaching , fixation. Reactions , chemicals and specific technologies for cotton , flax, wool , silk and synthetic fibers. Colour and colour measurements. Dyeing properties of cellulose , protein and synthetic fibers. Dyeing mechanisms. Basic technological schemes of dyeing and printing. Finishing - chemicals and technologies. Tests for the finishing effects.

 

LECTURE COURSE : TECHNOLOGY OF CHEMICAL FIBERS (Part 1 and 2) CODE: 548 , 549

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Dissolving and melting of polymers - technological peculiarities. Methods of spinning. Forming of fibers , solidification from melts and colloid solutions. Fiber drawing and processing - phase transitions and relaxation processes. Viscose and viscose fibers - chemicals and technologies. Protein chemical fibers- sources of raw materials , properies and prospectives for application.Synthetic fibers , production and prospective.Polyamide and polyester fibers - chemicals and technologies . Polycarbo- chain fibers - chemicals and technologies.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : MACHINES AND APPARATUS FOR CHEMICAL FIBER

PRODUCTION AND TEXTILE FINISHING (Part 1 and 2) CODE: 221,225

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Machines and apparatus for viscose and viscose fiber production . Equipment for polymer solutions spinning. Equipment for PA and PE production. Equipment for polymer melts spinning. Technological calculations. Basic processes and corresponding equipment in textile pretreatment , dyeing , printing and finishing

 

LECTURE COURSE : TEXTILE INDUSTRY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS CODE: 662

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Current evaluation

 

Environment - basic elements and natural cycles. Sustainable development. Characterisation of pollutants from the textile industry. Concentration norms - legislation. Life cycle assessment. Eco-price of cloths. Technological options for decreasing of pollutants. Alternative raw materials and chemicals. Methods for purification of textile effluents. Pollutants in textile departments Noise and health risk. Evaluation of the impact on the environment - methodology.

 

LECTURE COURSE : TECHNOLOGY OF SPECIAL CHEMICAL FIBERS CODE: 665

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Current evaluation

 

Special fibers - classification, developments and prospectives. Bi-component fibers - application. Fibers from polymer blends - melts and solutions. Ion exchange fibers.

 

LECTURE COURSE : HIGH -TECH TEXTILES CODE: 666

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Current evaluation

 

Fibers and textiles with special applications Composites - classification and properties . General requirements for filling materials. Super-strong high modulus fibers. Adhesion and surface modification - evaluation methods. Liquid crystal state of polymers. Aramide fibers. Glass fibers , production and application .

3-D textiles. Materials for filtration, Geotextiles - methods for assessment and developments. Nonwovens , synthetic papers and layer composite materials.

 

LECTURE COURSE : Chemistry and Structure of Wood CODE : 164

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Species, anatomy and physical properties of wood. Fiber structure and morphology. Chemical composition of wood. Cellulose, molecular structure, properties and reactivity. Degradation reactions. Reactions forming addition compounds and substitution reactions. Hemicelluloses, classification, structure and reactivity. Formation and distribution of lignin, structure and reactivity.

 

LECTURE COURSE: Chemistry and Technology of Pulp CODE : 183

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

Raw materials for pulp production. Classification of the pulping processes. Preparation of wood for pulping. Alkaline pulping, chemical reactions. Mechanism and kinetics of the processes. Alkaline digestions. Characteristics of alkaline pulp. Sulfite pulping, description of the processes, factors. Washing and screening f the pulp. Multistage pulp bleaching. Chemistry and mechanism of oxygen delignification, chlorine dioxide, peroxide and ozone bleaching. Bleaching equipment.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE: Chemical and By-Product Recovery CODE : 586

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Recovery of the chemicals. Theory of alkaline recovery, recovery furnace and recausticizing. Evaporation of kraft liquors. Recovery boilers and lime kiln. By-products recovery, turpentine and tail oil. Environmental problems, kraft odour emissions. Recovery processes in sulfite pulping, by-products.

 

 

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Chemistry and Technology of Papermaking CODE : 182

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

Fibrous raw materials. Fiber beating. Fiber bonding. Stock preparation. Sizing in acid, neutral and alkaline conditions. Filling, types of fillers. Dyeing. Paper machine wet and operations. Approach, headbox. Formation, twin wires, multy-ply forming, pressing, drying, finishing. Control in the wet end. Deposit and foam control.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Technology of Hydrolyse and Wood-Chemical Products CODE : 181

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Pyrolysis of plant materials. Basic products obtained during the pyrolysis. Processing of extractive materials in wood. Hydrolysis of plant materials. Biochemical processing of hydrolysis products.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Technology of Mechanical and Secondary Fiber Pulping CODE : 184

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Stone groundwood process, theory, types of grinders. Characteristics of groundwood pulp. Refiner mechanical , thermomechanical and chemi-thermomechanical pulping processes, pulp properties. Bleaching of the mechanical pulp, chemicals, factors. Aging of the pulp. Semichemical pulping, types of the processes, properties of the pulp, digesters. Grades of waste paper, properties. Secondary fiber pulping systems. Defibering and cleaning of the waste papers. High temperature dispersal systems. Deinking of old paper, chemicals, flotation deinking systems. Types of papers used in deinking. Theory of the processes, properties of the pulp. Waste water treatment.

 

LECTURE COURSE: Paper Properties CODE : 187

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

Optical properties. Physical properties. Strength properties. Resistant properties. Electrical properties. Printing properties. Dry- strength and wet strength paper chemicals. The use of retention and draining aids in the wet-end. The structure of paper. Paper defects.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Manufacturing of Paper and Board Article CODE : 185

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Basic quality requirements and quality standards of packaging materials. Paper, board, polymer film and foil, metal foil. Functional requirements for packaging. Classification and standards requirements. Basic manufacturing methods, cutting, moulding, joining, pasting, sealing,. Types of packaging. Manufacturing of paper and board packaging.

 

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Printing Techniques for Articles Made of Paper and Board

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Current Evaluation

 

Basic types of printing upon paper and board articles. Pre- press processes, originals, replicas, replication and copying. Producing a printing cut, printing plate and print filmstrips. Printing plants, technology and techniques. Offset printing, rotogravure and flexography. Finishing techniques for printing matter.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE: Environmental ASPECTS OF PAPER PROCESS

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Current Evaluation

 

Water circuits and fiber recovery. Wastewater emissions. Solid waste generation. Atmospheric emissions. Noise from paper machines. Reduction of fibre and filler losses. Primary, secondary and chemical precipitation of wastewater. Pre-treatment of sludge.

 

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Technology of pulping processes and papermaking CODE :534

ASSESSMENT METHOD: Exam

 

Fiber structure and morphology. Chemical composition of wood. Characteristics of groundwood pulp. Refiner mechanical , thermomechanical and chemi-thermomechanical pulping processes, pulp properties. Bleaching of the mechanical pulp. Aging of the pulp. Alkaline pulping, chemical reactions. Characteristics of alkaline pulp. Sulfite pulping, description of the processes, factors. Chemistry and mechanism of oxygen delignification, chlorine dioxide, peroxide and ozone bleaching. Fiber beating. Fiber bonding. Stock preparation. Paper machine wet and operations. Approach, headbox. Formation, twin wires, multy-ply forming, pressing, drying, finishing. Control in the wet end. Deposit and foam control.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Technology of Type Setting CODE :535

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Classification of prepress and printing processes. Theoretical bases of prepress processes for typesetting and page layout. Measurement systems in Printing Arts. Graphic design.

 

LECTURE COURSE : Polygraph Materials CODE : 592

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Current Evaluation

 

Printing inks. Components of printing inks. Properties. Requirements. Methods for manufacture of printing inks. Interaction between paper and printing inks. Materials for prepress processes. Materials for printing processes. Materials for finishing processes.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Printing properties and quality upgrade CODE : 536

of paper, board and their articles

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Structure of paper. Paper defects. Printing properties. Newsprint and simple writing and printing paper. LWC/SC -paper. Speciality paper. Physical and mechanical approaches to quality upgrade processing. Coating, sizing and dying. Calendering. Pigment mixtures, lamination, extrusion, co-extrusion.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Technology of packaging CODE : 455

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Packaging paper and board. Quality requirements and quality standards of packaging materials. Polymer film and foil, metal foil. Functional requirements for packaging. Classification and standards requirements. Basic manufacturing methods, cutting, moulding, joining, pasting, sealing,. Types of packaging. Manufacturing of paper and board packaging.

 

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Technology of Reproduction and Printing Plate CODE :454

Making Processes

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Classification of reproduction processes. Conventional technology for reproduction. Optical density. Physical chemistry of photo processes. Colour, gradation and unsharp masking. Grey balance. Equipment for desktop publishing. Colour proofs. Offset plate making processes. Flexo plate making processes. Computer to plate systems. Optimisation and standardisation of prepress processes. Quality control.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Technology of Printing Processes CODE : 452

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Classification of printing processes. Physical chemistry effects in printing processes. Printing inks. Pressure in printing processes. Sheet fed machines. Mechanisms in sheet fed machines. Web fed machines. Mechanisms in web fed machines. Special features of newspaper printing. Defects in offset printing. Parameters for estimating of quality of printing production. Digital printing methods.

 

LECTURE COURSE : Technology of Finishing Processes CODE : 793

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Classification of finishing processes. Main technological schemes in finishing processes. Paper, board and other materials used in finishing processes. Glues. Machines in finishing processes. Folding stations. Insert and stapling stations.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Desktop Publishing CODE : 537

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Hardware requirements for computer systems in desktop publishing. Software requirements for computer systems in desktop publishing. MS Windows. MS Word. CorelDraw – functions, menu, commands, object editing. Adobe PhotoShop – functions, menu, commands, object editing. Page layout software. PageMaker, QuarkXPress – functions, menu, commands, object editing..Fundamentals of graphic design.

 

LECTURE COURSE : Technology of non Conventional Printing Processes

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Classification of non conventional printing processes. Technology of electrophotography. Technology of ink-jet printing processes. Technology of dye-sublimation printing processes. Technology of magnetography printing processes. Other non conventional printing processes.

 

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Software Products for Typesetting, Page Layout and Retouch

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Classification of prepress software. Fundamentals of colour theory. Colour measurement systems. Raster. AM and FM screens. Drum and flat bed scanners. Colour depth. Gradation and colour correction. Basis of Adobe PhotoShop, Adobe Illustrator and QuarkXPress. Generating of printer files. Colour management systems. Software for colour management systems.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE : Theoretical Fundamentals of Prepress and Printing Processes

ASSESSMENT METHOD : Exam

 

Classification of prepress and printing processes. Fundamentals of colour theory. Optical density. Grey balance. Chemistry of photo processes. Platemaking processes. Physical chemistry effects in printing processes. Web and sheet fed machines. Mechanisms. Digital printing machines. Standardisation and optimisation of prepress and printing processes.

 

 

Lecture course:

Chemistry of Low Molecular Weight CODE: 426

Biologically Active Compounds

CODE:426

AssesSment method:

EXAM

 

 

The course Chemistry of Low Molecular Weight Biologically Active Compounds is a part of Bioorganic chemistry and concerns mainly compounds like alkaloids, vitamins, antibiotics, plant antibiotics, natural poisons, toxins, steroid hormones, pheromones, pesticides, etc.

The structure of the above – mentioned compounds will be studied together with their mechanism of biological action, including narcotic action, antibiotic action, mechanism of communication and defense among living organisms through pheromones, etc.

 

 

Lecture course:

Enzymology

CODE: :294

AsseSSment method:

EXAM

 

 

The course Enzymology deals with the source of enzymes and some specific techniques of their isolation and characterization, some fundamental aspects of their structure and mechanism of action. An important part of the course is directed to the application of free and immobilized enzymes as well as different areas of medicine, industry and analytical practice.

 

 

Lecture course:

Biotechnology Methods in Ecology Code: 121

CODE:121

AssesSment method:

EXAM

 

 

The course Biotechnology Methods in Ecology is pointed out to the important biological methods for purification of water, production of energy (hydrogen and methane) by means of different microorganisms including photobacteria and other anaerobic bacteria.

A part of the course will be devoted to the mechanisms of inactivation of pesticides and other poisonous organic compounds by microbiological treatment as well as remediation of soil and water containing oil through microorganisms.

 

 

Lecture course:

Technology of Food and Forage proteins Code: 438

CODE:438

Assesment method:

Current Evaluation

 

 

The course of “Technology of Food and Forage proteins” is developed for teaching the students included in the specialization “Biotechnology” of the Chemical Technology and Metallurgy University of Sofia. It covers the time of the 8th semester of Master and Bachelor’s education program of students. The aim of this course is to provide the students with information about the technology of industrial manufacturing of proteins for human practice.

The main task is to teach students the basic theoretical concepts of the processes, and their technological and appliances design. During the time of this class, the students will be acquired with the technological resources for utilization, neutralization and destruction of some waste products of industry.

The teaching course is developed on the base of knowledge obtained in the classes already passed during 1,2,3,4,5,6 and 7th semesters of study which include the courses of chemistry of biopolymers, chemistry of preparing the nutrition media, biochemistry, microbiology, manufacturing and mechanical appliances, technological approaches of biotransformation of some industrial products.

 

 

Lecture course:

Technical Microbiology

CODE:283

AssesSment method:

EXAM

 

 

The lecture course “Technical Microbiology” has been created for teaching the students involved in the specialization “Chemical engineering” of the Chemical Technology and Metallurgy University of Sofia and is part of their Master and Bachelor’s degree’s. Both the class and exam conducted in German.

The teaching class is aimed to produce substantial knowledge providing students with basic concepts and analytical approaches of microbiology. This course offers to students essential information about the theory and practice of microorganisms utilized as a technological means in biotechnology. The substantial portion of this information is devoted to the understanding of the subjects of microorganism taxonomy and ecology, methods of microorganism determination and cultivation, and to the metabolism of microorganisms utilized as a means in biotechnological processes.

 

Lecture course:

Microbiology – part I and part II CODE: 870 , 871

CODE:

870,871

AssesSment method:

EXAM

 

 

The course of “Microbiology” is a comprehensive teaching class, developed for student’s education from the specialization “Biotechnology”. The teaching class is divided in two parts: I /General/ and II /Special/. The lecture content of part I /General microbiology/ is aimed to increase the awareness of students with basic concepts of microbiology science. The lecture material includes the questions concerning the taxonomy and ecology of microorganisms, chemical content and structure of the bacterial cell. It gives substantial knowledge of students about the physiology, metabolism of microorganisms and, also, includes the most representative methods for microorganism’s determination and cultivation.

Special part of the lecture course is developed to cover the area of knowledge necessary for educating the students involved in the specialization “Microbiology”. The content of this course differs greatly from that of the most popular classes including usually information only about the microorganism taxonomy. It substantiates the knowledge concerning the matter of technological benefit from utilizing microorganisms in biotechnology processes. Alternatively, this teaching course rises the knowledge of students about a limited number of this microorganisms which are mainly the object of study in biotechnology, thus contributing for the increase in efficiency of teaching process.

Simultancoulsly, as alternative part of the educational process, some analytical laboratory work is offered to the students involved in this program of lecture. The main task of this work is the develop in the students some practical skills in using laboratory facilities for studying microorganisms, like sterilization, preparing of nutrient media for growing microorganisms, ability to use a microscope for determination and identification of microorganism, microbial cultivation, growing and separating of microbial biomass, etc.

 

 

Lecture course:

Technology of wine and potable alcohol CODE:: 424

CODE:424

Assessment method:

EXAM

 

 

The lecture material includes the questions concerning the classification and basic wine characteristics from one hand and from the other the graves technological requirements, as a wine raw material. The technologies for red, white and special and ecology wine production are involved in the course as well as and the brandy, whisky and other potable alcohol.

 

Lecture course:

Technology of Microbial Transformation CODE: 144

CODE:144

AssesSment method:

EXAM

 

 

The course of “Technology of microbial transformation” is focused on the area of industrial technologies. The lecture material includes biotransformation of starch, proteins, b-lactam antibiotics, steroids etc. by means of enzymes and microbial cells. Some new process as interferon, L-fenylalanin and other amino acids production are include too. A great part of the course is dedicated to the kinetic studies parameters calculation and their application for apparatures and technologies design of the processes.

 

 

Lecture course:

Separation and Analysis of Bioproducts CODE: 120

CODE:120

AssesSment method:

EXAM

 

 

The content of the course reflects the importance of analytical methods (physical, chemical, microbial and biological) in modern analysis and characterization of biological products as vitamins, antibiotics, enzymes, proteins, hormones, organic acids and amino acids.

The aim of the course is to develop in students some practical experience in quality and quantity evaluation of bioproducts properties and to control their production.

 

 

Lecture course:

Technological Fundamentals of Bioconversion CODE: 875

CODE:875

AssesSment method:

EXAM

 

 

This course covers five basic parts. Bioconversion fundamentals, enzyme kinetics, batch and continuous microbial cells fermentation models are included in the program. A part of the lecture course is dedicated to the different bioreactors and their hydrodynamic, mass and oxygen transfer characteristics, design and the area of their application.

 

 

Lecture course:

Chemistry of Microbial nutrition CODE: 880

CODE:880

AssesSment method:

Current evaluation

 

 

This course addresses the fundamental studies in the field of nutrient mediums, widely used in biotechnology processes for microbial and tissue culture cultivation for bioproducts production. Basic quality and techniques requires of special nutrient mediums for microbial proteins, alcohol’s, organic acids, antibiotics, enzymes and other fermentation pharmaceuticals is the object of this lecture material too.

 

Lecture course:

Chemistry and Physical Chemistry of Biopolymers CODE: 427

CODE:427

AssesSment method:

EXAM

 

 

One of the principle objectives of this course is to provide students with a comprehensive knowledge and understanding of different structural levels of biopolymers nature and organization. The lecture material includes questions concerning the arising and the stabilization of the organization levels of proteins, nucleic acids and polysaccharides, as well as some chemical and enzyme methods applicable in structural studies of these biopolymers. Application of some chromatographic and electromigration methods are included too. A part of the course is dedicated to the different physical methods as an electronic microscopy, UV and IR spectroscopy, circular dichroism, applied for structural biopolymer studies.

 

 

Lecture course:

Genetics CODE: 96

CODE:96

AssesSment method:

EXAM

 

 

The course is aimed to produce substantial knowledge providing students with basic concepts from genetics arise to the nucleic acids as genetic information carriers. The basic genetic developments as a DNA structure, genetic code and the mechanisms of genetic processes are included in the lecture course. A part of lecture is devoted to the understanding evolution from the contemporary genetics point of view.

 

Lecture course:

BIOCHEMISTRY CODE: 432

CODE:432

AssesSment method:

EXAM

 

 

The course of general Biochemistry aims to introduce second year (Biotechnology) students into the basic principles and methodology of biochemistry. Lectures include structure, function and metabolism of the four main classes of biomolecules – carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids, although they also shed light on the vitamins, membrane structures and principles of photosynthesis. Practical (laboratory) work is designed to acquaint students with the basic methods of biochemistry and adequate skills when working with biological materials. It includes: isolation, purification and separation of biologically active substances such as carbohydrates, lipids, enzymes, nucleic acids, etc. and investigation of their properties.

 

Lecture course:

Molecular Biology cODE: 783

CODE:783

AssesSment method:

EXAM

 

 

The course of Molecular Biology aims to introduce third year (Biotechnology) students into the basic principles and methodology of molecular biology. Lectures are focused on: structure and function of nucleic acids; encoding and expression of genetic information; differences in the mechanisms of replication, transcription and translation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; genetic basis of inheriting diseases; molecular biology and biotechnology. All lectures are well illustrated by appropriate didactic materials. Practical (laboratory) work is designed to acquaint students with the basic methods of molecular biology and includes isolation of nucleic acids such as plasmid and chromosomal DNA, ribosomal and transfer RNAs, separation of nucleic acids by density gradient centrifugation, electrophoresis, gel filtration, etc., synthesis and sequence analysis of nucleic acids.

 

Lecture course:

Genetic Engineering Technologies CODE: 260

CODE:260

AssesSment method:

EXAM

 

 

Genetic Engineering is an introductory course in the recombinant DNA technology. It aims to introduce fourth/fifth year (Biotechnology) students into the basic principles and methodology of gene cloning and expression. Lectures include: structure and properties of vectors for gene cloning in bacteria, plants, animals and man; optimization of gene expression; gene synthesis and sequencing; alteration of genetic information; construction of gene libraries, etc. Practical (laboratory) work is designed to acquaint students with the basic methods of gene manipulations and includes: restriction mapping of bacterial plasmids; oligonucleotide synthesis; isolation and cloning of individual genes; bacterial transformation and screening of colonies for specific phenotype; isolation and characterization of recombinant proteins.

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

FURNACES‘ AGGREGATES AND EQUIPMENT

CODE : 055

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Introduction in the aggregates and equipment. Fluid mechanics in the furnaces - basic characteristics, theorems and lows. Methods for analytical investigation of the fluid fluxes. Heat generation processes in industrial furnaces. Fuels and combustion. Radiative heat transfer - basic concepts and lows. Stationary and unsteady conduction. Convective heat transfer - main relationships. Physical similarity theory and it application by describing of the heat convection. Types of furnaces and their thermal work fundamentals. Characteristics, functions, work safety and peculiarities of the furnaces’ constructive elements and equipment.

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF METALS AND METAL WORKING

CODE : 300

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Atomic structure. Defect theory and theory of deformation. Deformation processes and strain hardening. Yield criteria, energy considerations, efficiency. Deformation mechanisms at elevated temperatures, dynamic recovery and recrystallisation. Fracture and fatigue, testing. Cold or hot working. Stress states. Open and closed die forging. Friction hill. Rolling. Extrusion. Wire drawing. Sheet metal processes.

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

METALLURGY AND ENVIRONMENT

CODE : 302

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Impact of the metallurgical production wastes on the environment. Norms for the environment protection. Neutralization of the metallurgical wastes. Design of gas-cleaning and dust-collecting systems.

 

 

 

LECTURE COURSE:

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

METAL SCIENCE

EXAM

CODE: 331

 

Theory of metals and metallic alloys. Heat treatment of metals. Industrial metals and alloys. New metal materials.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE:

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

METAL SCIENCE

EXAM

CODE: 331

 

Metallic characteristics. classification of metals. Crystal structures of metals. Plane and directions indices. The conception of real structure of metals. Points defects; dislocations, grain boundaries, stacking faults. Solidification. Polymorphism. Principles of metallography laboratory techniques. Tensile properties, hardness test, impact test. The structure of alloys. Equilibrium phase diagrams. Phase reactions (eutectic, eutectoid, monotectic, peritectic, peritektoid). Correlation between phase diagrams and properties of alloys. Coring. The three basic strengthening mechanisms. Phase diagram Fe-Fe3C. Structure, properties and use of iron, carbon steels and cast iron. Structure, properties and use of copper and copper alloys, aluminum and its alloys. Titanium, magnesium and their alloys. Refractory metals.

 

LECTURE COURSE:

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

PHYSICS OF METALS AND PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS

EXAM

CODE: 332

 

Atomic structure. Defect theory and theory of deformation. Thermal conduction in metals and alloys. Electronic and magnetic properties of metals and alloys. Thermodynamics and phase diagrams. Driving force for solidification and allotropic transformation. Equilibrium in heterogeneous systems. Interpretation of phase diagrams using hypothetical free energy curves. Atomic mechanisms of diffusion. High diffusitivity path. The role of crystal interfaces in phase transformations. T-T-T diagrams. Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation. Precipitate growth. Diffusional transformations. Eutectoidal decomposition. Bainitic transformation. Characteristics of diffusionless transformations. Micro- and substructure of martensite.

 

LECTURE COURSE:

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

HEAT TREATMENT OF METALS AND ALLOYS

EXAM

CODE: 334

 

Heat treatment of iron-carbon alloys. Basic parameters of heat treatment of metals and alloys. Classification of heat treatment processes. Basic positions of the theory of carbon steels heat treatment. Basic positions of the theory of alloy steels heat treatment. Practice of heat treatment of steels. Heat treatment of cast iron.

Heat treatment of non-ferrous metals. Homogenization annealing. plastic deformation and mechanisms of annealing. Recrystallization. Precipitation hardening. Thermomechanical treatment of non-ferrous alloys. Technology of heat treatment of aluminum alloys. Temper designations. Technology of heat treatment of copper and its alloys. Bright annealing.

 

LECTURE COURSE:

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

HEAT TREATMENT

EXAM

CODE: 339

 

Theoretical bases of structure changes and phase transformations at heat treatment processes of carbon steels and alloy steels. Practice of heat treatment of steels and cast iron. Thermochemical treatment and thermomechanical treatment of steels.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE:

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

SYNTHESIS AND USE OF METAL BASE MATERIALS

EXAM

CODE: 359

 

Principles of synthesis and selection of alloys. Alloying elements influence. Alloying of iron, steels and cast iron. Alloying of non-ferrous metals. Applications of industrial alloys.

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

PLASTIC DEFORMATION

CODE : 362

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

CURRENT EVALUATION

 

 

Atomic structure. Defect theory and theory of deformation. Deformation processes and strain hardening. Yield criteria, energy considerations, efficiency. Deformation mechanisms at elevated temperatures, dynamic recovery and recrystallisation. Fracture and fatigue, testing. Cold or hot working. Stress states. Open and closed die forging. Friction hill. Rolling. Extrusion. Wire drawing. Sheet metal processes.

 

LECTURE COURSE:

 

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

TECHNOLOGIES FOR TREATMENT OF METALS IN SOLID STATE – HEAT TREATMENT

EXAM

CODE: 366

 

Common principles of heat treatment technology. Heating technologies. Cooling technologies. Conditioning treatment. Technologies for surface heat treatment. Technologies for thermochemical treatment. Technologies for heat treatment of metallurgical productions. Heat treatment technologies in machine-building industry.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE:

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES

EXAM

CODE: 386

 

Mechanic of fibrous composites. Interphases reactions in composites. System fibrous – metallic matrix. Dispersion-strengthened metals. Eutectic metal composites.

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

ELECTRICAL FURNACES

CODE : 392

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Electrical furnaces. Electrical arc furnaces. Electrodynamics forces. Essential systems on electric arc furnaces. Heat transfer processes in electric arc furnaces. Automatic control and regulation of heat regimes. Induction furnaces. Coreless induction furnaces. Core induction furnaces. Resistance electrical furnaces. Constricted -arc torch. Cathode-ray furnaces.

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

FURNACES‘ HEAT WORK

CODE : 393

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

A theoretical discipline for the specialization “Metallurgical furnaces and aggregates”, giving the main principles for mathematical modeling of the heat generation and the heat and mass transport in the metallurgical furnaces.

 

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

ELEMENTS AND EQUIPMENT OF FURNACES

CODE : 394

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Introduction in the elements and equipment of furnaces. Heat utilization units. Recuperators and regenerators - fuel economy, thermal work, temperature fields, heat transfer and design of variousconstructions of heat utilization aggregates. Combustion units. Burners for gas and liquid fuels, used in the furnaces. Solid fuels combustion methods - in torch and in stagnant or in fluidized bed. Physical and chemical properties of the fire-resisting and heat insulation materials. Use and operation of refractory lining in metallurgical aggregates. Constructive elements of the furnaces - characteristics, functions, work safety and peculiarities.

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

METALLURGICAL HEAT ENGINEERING

CODE : 456

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Technical Thermodynamics. Fluid Mechanics. Heat Transfer. Radiative heat transfer, conduction and convective heat transfer. Mass Transfer.

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

FUELS AND COMBUSTION PROCESSES

CODE :486

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Basic elements of combustion theory. Gaseous, liquids and solid fuels. Combustion with surplusage and shortage of air. Calculation of combustion.

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

REHEATING FURNACES, AGGREGATES AND TECHNOLOGIES

CODE : 488

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Fuels and combustion processes. Burners. Refractories. Shaft furnaces. Flame furnaces. Aggregates in heat treatment factory.

 

LECTURE COURSE:

 

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

POWDER METALLURGICAL AND COMPOSITE MATERIALS AND PRODUCTS

EXAM

CODE: 493

 

Metal powders. Pressing and sintering. P/M materials on ferrous and non-ferrous base. Mechanics of composites. Fibers and matrixes. Fibrous composites with metal matrix. SAP alloys. Eutectic composites.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE:

 

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

TECHNOLOGIES FOR HEAT TREATMENT AND THERMOCHEMICAL TREATMENT

EXAM

CODE: 496

 

Basic positions of heat treatment and thermochemical treatment technologies of metallurgical production (ingots, hot deformed metals and cold deformed metals) and machine-building articles (machinery components, tools, etc.).

 

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

PLASTIC DEFORMATION AND FRACTURE

CODE : 498

 

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Micro and macroplasticity on dislocation basis. Deformation processes and strain hardening. Yield criteria, energy considerations. Influences of strain rate and temperature on deformation behaviour, deformation mechanisms at elevated temperatures, dynamic recovery and recrystallisation. Fracture and fatigue - Griffith and Zhurkov theories and fracture evaluation; short and long fatigue cracks in air and aggressive environment, fatigue life assessment. Testing. Cold and hot working. Stress states. Open and closed die forging. Friction hill. Rolling. Extrusion. Wire drawing. Sheet metal processes. Force calculations and energy considerations for each process of metal working.

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

TECHNOLOGIES OF PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF METALS

CODE : 499

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Introduction to different technologies of plastic deformation of metals aiming at understanding the effects of process choice on properties and performance of the component and at selecting suitable manufacturing processes for component production. Deformation processes, selection, work hardening. Energy efficiency. Hot or cod working. Classical and advanced technologies of rolling, forging, extrusion, wire drawing and sheet metal processes.

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

BASICS OF FURNACES’ METALLURGICAL TECHNOLOGIES

CODE : 533

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Main ecological peculiarities of the basic metallurgical technologies. Possibilities for environmental optimization of the heat generation and rate phenomena in the furnaces.

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

THERMAL ENERGETICS OF THE METALLURGICAL PLANTS

CODE : 610

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Possibilities for generation of the energy bearers in the metallurgical plants. Construction peculiarities and work regime of the facilities for generation and transport of the energy bearers. Possibilities for the energy savings in metallurgical plants.

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

DESIGN AND IMPROVEMENT OF PRODUCTS AND PROCESSES

OF FORMING AND THERMAL TREATMENT

CODE : 620

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

New, systemic approaches to the design and improvement of products and processes. Life cycle of processes and technological processes. Design as a business process. Establishing customer requirements. Operational requirements. Criteria and limits. Parametrical optimization using DOE (Design of Experiments) - Taguchi methodology. Continuous improvement - “Keizen”. Improvement with breakthrough - re-engineering. Managing the design process.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE:

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

METAL CONSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

EXAM

CODE: 638

 

Principles of metal materials selection. Metal materials properties classification. Iron base constructional materials. Constructional steels. Corrosion-resistant steels. Heat-resistant steels. Non-ferrous metals and alloys. Development and application of new metal materials for chemical industry.

 

 

 

LECTURE COURSE:

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

METAL MATERIALS

EXAM

CODE: 639

 

Theory of metals. Industrial metals and alloys. New materials on metal base. Economic efficiency in introduction of metal materials.

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

METALLURGICAL FURNACES, AGGREGATES AND EQUIPMENT

CODE :664

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Fuels and combustion processes. Burners. Refractories. Recovery of heat, recuperators and regenerators. Shaft furnaces. Converters. Electrical and flame furnaces in extractive metallurgy. Aggregates in secondary metallurgy. Continuous casting machines. Electrical and flame furnaces in physical metallurgy.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE:

 

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

METHODS FOR INVESTIGATION OF STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF METALS AND ALLOYS

EXAM

CODE: 750

 

Classification of metallography methods. Macrostructural analysis. Optical and electron microscopy. X-ray metallography. Equipment, samples and applications. Methods of testing for deformation, fracture and fatigue of metals and alloys. Influence of structure on characterization parameters in fracture and fatigue.

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS, DEFORMATION AND FRACTURE

CODE : 786

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Thermodynamics of phase transformation. Interphase interface and microstructure. Transformation kinetics. Diffusional and displacive transformations. Defect theory and theory of deformation on dislocation basis. Micro and macroplasticity. Properties of metals and alloys. Fracture and fatigue. Testing. Metal working with emphasis placed on low carbon steels and aluminium alloys.

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

OPERATIONS, PRODUCTION AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT

CODE : 904

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Systemic production and operations’ management. Fundamentals of quality engineering and quality management. Total quality management philosophy. Standards and models for quality. Quality culture. Implementation of competitive systems.

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

AGGREGATES AND EQUIPMENT IN FERROUS EXTRACTION METALLURGY

CODE : 974

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Aggregates for cast iron extraction. Blast furnaces. Heat transfer in blast furnaces. Gasses cleaning equipment. Direct reduction aggregates and melting-reduction processes. Steelmaking converters. Construction, technology and operating regimes. Hydrodynamics and heat transfer. Aggregates for secondary metallurgy. Steel casing. Heat transfer. Continuous casting machines. Heat transfer.

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

AGGREGATES AND EQUIPMENT IN NON-FERROUS EXTRACTION METALLURGY

CODE : 975

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Aggregates for mixing, peletization, briqueting and sintering. Tube-rotary furnaces. Roasting furnaces. Shaft furnaces. Reveberatory smelting furnaces. Flash smelting processes. Flash smelting furnaces. Technological aggregates for flash processes. Outocumpu furnace. Converters. High temperature bloomery furnaces of Cu, Pb, Zn. Aggregates for hydrometallurgy. Equipment for elecrolysis. Casting equipment.

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

DESIGN, BUILDING AND REPAIR OF METALLURGICAL FURNACES

CODE : 982

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

 

Finishing discipline for the students from the specialization “Metallurgical furnaces and aggregates”, giving the main principles of design, building and repair of the metallurgical furnaces and aggregates.

 

 

LECTURE COURCSE:

INDUSTRIAL DUST-CLEANING SYSTEMS

CODE : 983

ASSESSMENT METHOD:

EXAM

 

 

Environment protection in industry. Cleaning of gas and dust wastes. Gas-cleaning and dust-collecting facilities. Design of gas-cleaning and dust-collecting systems.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE: UNIT OPERATIONS – Part I CODE:269

(Hydrodynamic Processes)

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Basic definitions. Classification of the main processes. Hydrostatics. Basic equations. Hydrodynamics. Basic characteristics of fluids movement. Fundamentals of similarity and dimensions theory. Pressure drop in pipes. Movement of non-Newtonian fluids. Movement of solids in fluids. Movement of fluid trough static and porous layers. Hydrodynamics of fluidized granular beds. Elements of the two-phase fluids hydrodynamics. Transport of liquids. Pumps. Transport of gases. Compression. Agitation. Course project.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE: UNIT OPERATIONS – Part II CODE:270

(Mechanical and Hydromechanical Processes)

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Mechanical processes. Characterization of a single particle and a layer of particles. Breakage and grinding of bulks. Machines, constructions and calculation. Mixing and homogenization of bulks. Constructions of mixers and homogenizers. Sorting of bulks. Dosing. Storage and leakage of bulks. Hydromechanical processes. Separation of heterogeneous gaseous mixtures through precipitation, filtration and wet dust removal. Equipment. Fluidized state of bulks. Fluidized bed reactors, pneumatic transportation of bulks. Course project.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE: UNIT OPERATIONS – Part III CODE:271

(Heat Transfer )

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Heat transfer basic equation. Heat balances. Heat transfer through heat conductivity. Convection heat transfer. Similarity of heat processes. Radiation heat exchange. Radiation of solids. Types of heat carriers. Constructions of heat exchangers. Calculation of heat exchangers. Evaporation installations, flow diagrams, constructions. Course project.

 

 

LECTURE COURSE: UNIT OPERATIONS – Part IV CODE:272

(Mass Transfer )

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Introduction to the mass transfer theory – mechanisms and driving forces of the mass transfer. Diffusion mass transfer – First law of Fick, molecular diffusion, turbulent diffusion, non-steady state diffusion, second law of Fick. Similarity of diffusion processes. Mass transfer of the interface surface. Mass transfer with a chemical reaction. Equal access surface method. Calculation of the mass exchange equipment with contact between fluids. Factors for selecting of the mass exchange equipment. Course project.

 

LECTURE COURSE: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DESIGN CODE: 323

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

The design objective. Data collection. The structure of chemical manufacturing process. The organization of chemical engineering project. Project documentation. Codes and standards. Factors of safety (design factors). System of units. Degrees of freedom and design variables. The mathematical representation of the design problem. Selection of design variables. Information flow and the structure of design problems.Fundamentals of material and energy balances. The equivalence of mass and energy. Conservation of mass and energy. Choice of system boundaries and basis for calculations. General algebraic method for solution of material- and energy-balance problem. Flow-sheeting. Flow-sheet presentation. Manual flow-sheet calculation. Methods for analyzing of chemical engineering systems – sequential modular approach; equation oriented approach; “split-fraction” concept. Overview of computer-aided design of chemical engineering processes. Full steady-state and dynamic simulation programs – ASPEN, HYSIM, HYSYS, CHEMCAD, Design II for Windows, CADSIM, etc. Structure of steady-state simulator HYSIM. Synthesis of crude oil distillation installation using HYSIM.

 

LECTURE COURSE: SOLID WASTE PROCESSING CODE:649

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

Classification of solid wastes. Basic principles of the solid waste management. Municipal solid wastes. Collection, transport, volume reducing, deposition. Separation of different materials from the solid wastes. Landfilling. Biogas production from the organic fraction of the solid wastes. Systems for biogas and leachate collection. Processes for solid waste transformation – physical, chemical, biological. Composting – equipment. Incineration – furnaces, installations. Utilization of the energy produced during the wastes processing. Management of toxic wastes. Radioactive wastes. Typical flow diagrams for wastes processing from industry.

 

LECTURE COURSE: FLUE GASES PURIFICATION CODE:228

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Pollutants classification. General terminology. Absorption methods and equipment for purification of flue gases. Adsorption methods and equipment for purification of flue gases. Condensation and equipment. Combustion methods for purification. Chemical purification. Wet scrubers for dust removal. Dry methods and equipment for dust removal. Methods for reducing the emissions from chemical, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgical, petrochemical and food industries.

 

LECTURE COURSE: WASTEWATER TREATMENT CODE:229

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Hydrological cycle and water quality. Wastewater characteristics. Requirements. Monitoring of water systems. Standard methods for analysis of water and wastewater ( heavy metals, inorganic pollutants, COD, BOD, TOC, individual organic impurities). Mechanical treatment (filtration, sedimentation, flotation). Adsorption, membrane processes, extraction, distillation, coagulation, ion exchange, wet oxidation. Biological methods ( activated sludge process, processes with immobilized microorganisms). Aeration methods. Characteristics and dewatering of sludges. Sludge digestion. Typical flow diagrams for wastewater treatment.

LECTURE COURSE: ENGINEERING OF BIOREACTORS CODE: 230

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

Principles of bioreactors operation, similarity with the chemical reactors. Basic constructions. Characterization of the biochemical transformations – biochemical kinetic models: enzyme catalysed reactions; kinetics of cells growth. Coulpling of the biochemical kinetics and the mass transfer mechanisms: mass transfer gas-liquid; liquid-solid; internal diffusion limitations and biochemical reaction. Mixing in bioreactors; constructions, dimensioning. Loop-reactors – basic hydrodynamic and mass transfer parameters. Constructions of loop-reactors. Optimal dimensioning – hydrodinamic, heat and mass transfer considerations. Bioreactors with immobilization – types, basic characteristics. Constructions. Mathematical description – stirred tank reactor, packed bed column, fluidized bed column, “hollow-fiber” reactors.

 

LECTURE COURSE: SEPARATION OF MULTICOMPONENT SYSTEMS CODE: 253

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

 

Rectification of multicomponent mixture - mass transfer, equipment and mathematical description. Mutual influence of several components in simultaneous one-way diffusion across a phase boundary – counter-diffusion. Multicomponents rectification systems and selection of optimal configuration.

 

LECTURE COURSE: CHEMICAL REACTORS – Part I CODE: 342

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM


 

Classification of reactors. Comparison and selection. Problems in scale-up processes and determination of conditions for optimal technological regimes. Chemical kinetics -fundamental element of mathematical modeling of chemical reactors.Chemical kinetics-requirement and reliability of experimental set-up. Computer oriented methods for determination of kinetics parameters of simple and complex reaction. Mathematical description of tubular, stirred-thank, cascade(stirred-tank reactors in series), homogeneous and isothermal reactors with ideal hydrodynamics.Modeling of ideal chemical reactors with external heat transfer. Evaluation of reaction temperature and steady-state of stable and unstable thermal stability of autothermal reaction mixers at exothermic and endothermic chemical conversion.

 

LECTURE COURSE: MATHEMATICAL MODELLING AND SCALE-UP CODE:251

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

Derivation of the mathematical model: the continuity hypothesis, analogy between the mathematical description of the processes of mass, heat and momentum transfer; the concept of the control volume. Boundary conditions: classification. Monodimensional models for chemical reactors (homogeneous) – isothermal and non-isothermal models. Numerical methods – finite difference method. Models of liquid-liquid extraction column. Calculation of the diameter and the height of the column, algorythms for scale-up. Gas-solid adsorption models in fixed bed adsorbers. Examples with different porous structures (mono- and biporous). Mathematical models for a batch type apparatus. Numerical solution by the Runge-Kutta method. A model for a membrane bioreactor. Scale-up effect.

 

LECTURE COURSE: CHEMICAL REACTORS – Part II CODE: 346

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Non-ideality of chemical reactors. Residence time distribution (RTD): tracer techniques; pulse input and step tracer experiment; characteristics of the RTD: integral relationships; mean residence time; normalized RTD Function E (q); wash-out function; internal-age function. Reactor modelling with RTD: zero-, one- and polyparameter models. Heterogeneous reactions and reactors. Diffusion and reaction in porous catalysts. Effective diffusivity; dimensionless numbers; internal effectiveness factor; falsified kinetics; overall effectiveness factor.Estimation of diffusion and reaction-limited regimes (Weisz-Prater criterion for internal diffusion). Choice of catalytic reactors. Heterogeneous reactors with reacting solid phase (shrinking core model). Fluid-fluid reactors; dimensionless numbers; regimes (Hatta number, enchancement factor). Choice of reactors for fluid-fluid reactions.

 

LECTURE COURSE: MASS TRANSFER (FLUID-FLUID) CODE: 538

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Mass transfer gas-liquid. Equilibrium of the system. Influence of the gas-liquid interaction on the equilibrium. Mass balance of the absorption. Kinetics of physical absorption. Influence of the operation parameters on the mass transfer direction and mass transfer coefficients. Absorption with chemical reaction. Desorption. Absorbers types. Hydrodynamic regimes and calculations. Absorption installations. Mass transfer liquid-liquid. Extraction general principles. Choice of solvent. Di- and three-component systems. Extracting agent regeneration. Extraction methods.Equipment. Mixer-settler, stirred extractors. Differential contact extractors. Industrial application of the extraction.

 

LECTURE COURSE: MASS TRANSFER (FLUID-SOLID PHASE) CODE: 539

ASSESSMENT METHOD: EXAM

 

Mass transfer in fluid-solid phase system. Adsorption. Adsorption equilibrium. Choice of industrial adsorbents. Kinetics of the adsorption and desorption. Equipment. Drying. Mass- and heat balance. I-X diagramme. Drying equipment. Dissolution. Single particle dissolution. Bulk dissolution. Flow diagrammes. Solid extraction. Choice of solvent. Extraction equilibrium and extraction kiunetics. Process calculations. Crystallization. Mass- and heat balance. Constructions of crysallizers.

 

LECTURE COURSE: ADVANCED PROCESSES AND OPERATIONS CODE:924

ASSESSMENT METHOD: CURRENT EVALUATION

 

 

Sublimation.Physicochemical basis.Technological and apparatus design.Revers Osmosis.Technological and apparatus design.Supercritical extraction. Technological and apparatus design. Pertraction. Membrane processes. Low temperature rectification. Chemical Processes in low temperature plasma. Technical application. Plasma reactors.