The organic-inorganic polymeric materials synthesized by sol-gel technology have been the developed for last then years. The sol-gel technology allows to combine organic and inorganic components in to a some material and the materials synthesis is realized in molecular state. Thus the new functional materials have been obtained and applied for a short time. The basic organic-inorganic hybrid materials methods and the organic and inorganic precursors are consistently discussed. The attention is paid on inorganic component of hybrid materials – mostly SiO2, B2O3, P2O5, ZrO2 so as some natural or synthesized silicates, clays, zeolits. The organic and inorganic chemical bonding processes and the proceeding conditions massive fragile materials, plastic materials, porous materials, films, fibbers, nanocomposites and their fields of applications (in chemical technology, optics, catalyze, medicine) are discussed.